Since Romania is still not a popular country around the world, there are many people still wondering about the questions in the title: is Romanian part of the EU (European Union)? Also, is Romania part of the Schengen zone? We’re going to answer these questions in today’s article!

Because, yes, these two questions should be treated as two separate ones. Many people believe that if a country is a a member of the European Union, it already is part of the Schengen zone, and vice-versa – if it’s not part of the EU, it’s not in Schengen. Well… that’s not the case!

Romania is part of the EU

The country has joined the European Union since 2007, when it joined the EU together with neighboring Bulgaria. The only younger member of the European Union is Croatia as the country joined in 2013.

However, despite this, the country has still not switched to using the EURO, which is anticipated to happen in 2022 although I really believe it won’t be the case.

Is Romania part of the Schengen area?

Even though the country is an EU member for so many years, it unfortunately (or fortunately for the right people) is not a member of the Schengen area yet. There are talks about this and the country seems to be very close to be accepted – but not quite there yet.

Basically, the Schengen zone functions as a huge area comprised of multiple countries (26 at the moment) which share a common visa policy and basically act as a single entity for travel purposes. This further means that you can travel freely between countries in the Schengen area, with no border and passport controls of any sort.

Image via Residency-Bond

If you want to get in Romania, though – or if you go from Romania to a Schengen state, you will need your passport or ID card (for EU nationals) as it will be checked at the border.

Although in most cases, this doesn’t look like an advantage, for the right people it is. Those who travel a lot and want to establish a base in Europe, but don’t want to go through the process of getting residency permits can easily switch between Schengen and non-Schenged countries in order to not extend their allowed stay.

For example, you are only allowed to spend 90 days within an 180 day period in the Schengen area. This means that after 3 months, you can move to Romania and spend the maximum allowed time there, which is also 90 days. Afterwards, you can get back to the Schengen area and get 3 more months. Then you can get back to Romania (or any other non-Schengen state) for 3 more months. Rinse and repeat.

Hopefully this article helps you better understand the situation on the country and makes it easier for you to plan things ahead for an upcoming stay.

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9 COMMENTS

  1. I’m always amazed that so many experienced travelers (to Europe) have no clue about the Schengen zone or don’t understand/grasp the concept that being in the EU does not necessarily mean that you use the Euro. The EU, Eurozone, Schengen Zone – 3 different things entirely! Sometimes a country is in all 3 (Slovenia, France, Germany), sometimes just two (Ireland – not in Schengen) and sometimes only one (Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia – only in EU).

  2. Thanks for the explanation. I think it helps to see it rather than trying to explain to people, especially Americans. They often don’t get it. There are a lot of bloggers who do the 90 in and 90 out so as not to have to apply for residency. They might not like it so much if they lose that like you say :-). I don’t think they will ever switch to the euro. I hope not!

  3. Calin,
    Okay, I’m a clueless Americano;-)
    What exactly did Hungary do, for example,
    and Romania did NOT do to become a part of Schengen?
    Of course, the same question for Bulgaria.
    Are there big fees for a country to be part of Schengen?
    Are there onerous policies a country has to follow?
    To me, if a country is part of the EU, it should also be part
    of Schengen.
    Seems like way too much bureaucracy.
    I am an American, but I dislike what America has become.
    I hope Romania will stay true to itself, whether using the Euro or not,
    and whether being part of Schengen or not.
    ~Teil

    • Hello Teil,

      I am not entirely sure how to answer the question and what did Hungary do that Romania didn’t. I do know that there are many rules and regulation for being in the Schengen zone and Romania hasn’t met them all yet, just like Bulgaria didn’t. Some say that there’s a political decision behind this as well (like the fear of Western Countries for an influx of cheap laborers from the poor countries).

  4. Teil – Joining the Schengen zone means very secure boarders with neighboring countries that are NOT Schengen. If your country borders a non-Schengen zone country then you are basically the last line of defense as once someone from that country can enter yours, they can travel unimpeded to all other Schengen countries (as there are no checkpoints). Not only that, but if that non-Schengen country also borders with other non-Schengen countries (who may have even more porous borders) than that is a major issue.

    France borders all Schengen zone countries so that is quite easy. On the other hand Hungary has borders with some Schengen countries (Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria) but many borders with non Schengen (Serbia, Croatia, Romania, Ukraine) – so major allocation of resources, money and man-power to these ones. Since they were in early to EU (before Romania and Bulgaria) and had a jump on some of their eastern neighbors to get everything tightened up to code. But biggest issue with someone like Bulgaria is that they border Turkey. Turkey borders Iraq, Iran, Syria. It’s likely to assume that it is not so difficult to get into Turkey and make it all the way to the Bulgarian border which would then be the gateway to all EU if Bulgaria were to join Schengen.

    Also, regarding Eurozone: if your country cannot meet fiscal requirements to join the EURO then it is a detriment. If Greece was not grandfathered into the Eurozone it would be nowhere close to switching to euro currency and that would have been a good thing compared to where they are now. It took 3 years for Slovenia to be ready to switch to euro, 5-6 years for Estonia and Slovakia. Hungary, Poland and Czech have been EU members for 14 years and still have not switched because they can’t pass the fiscal mandates – that is completely fair.

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