Fortunately, for those who don’t plan to stay for a long period of time in Romania, things are pretty easy: EU Citizens, as well as US citizens are allowed to visit Romania without a visa for a total of 90 days. However, foreigners who plan to stay more than 10 days in Romania must register their presence with the nearest Police Precinct – you could probably skip doing this and don’t risk too much, but it’s best to do it and this should be done in maximum 30 minutes.
However, if you want to stay more than 90 days (3 months) in Romania, you must get a residence permit and things change a little bit as the Romanian bureaucracy comes into play – something that is not extremely enjoyable, but fortunately you don’t have to go through this often.
Here is how to get your residence permit in Romania if you are an EU citizens or non-EU citizen:
– First, you need a document with your data. The document can also be downloaded here (at the moment of writing, thought, the website is not working)
– You need your ID card or Passport (both copy and original)
– You need to pay the following taxes (for EU Citizens):
- 2 RON (Romania’s currency) in the form of a Revenue Stamp or payable to local account number 21340202 payable at the Treasury or a Bank
- 7 RON tax for the residency permit payable to state budget account number 20330108
- 5 RON tax in the form of a Revenue Stamp or payable to local account number 21340202 payable at the Treasury or a Bank for the release of the residency card
- other taxes might be required in special circumstances, check out the list here
– For non-EU citizens, you need to pay the following taxes:
- 120 Euros consular tax payable to state budget account number 20330108
- 260 RON for the residency permit (permis de sedere) to account CNIN RO05CECEB30033RON224451 at a local CEC Bank SA branch (you will easily find at least one in any city)
- 4 RON in the form of a Revenue Stamp or payable to local account number 21340202 payable at the Treasury or a Bank
Please have in mind that these taxes and accounts might change, use them more as a guideline!
Now, depending on what you are doing here in Romania, you will need to offer the proof that you have enough funds to live in Romania. This can be done by coming with a proof of employment (for employees), proof that you are studying in Romania (for students) or proof of sufficient funds – which is probably easily achievable. In some cases, you also need proof that you have a health insurance policy on your name.
What does “sufficient funds” mean?
It’s a laughable sum, actually. Here are the numbers (some documents state, however, that you need the minimum wage, which is 700 RON per month as of November 2014)
– 135,5 RON per month for 1 person
– 244 RON per month for a 2 person family
– 342 RON per month for a 3 person family
– 423 RON per month for a 4 person family
– 504,5 RON per month for a 5 person family
– extra 35 RON per month for each person over 5
How to prove that you have sufficient funds:
– Pension coupon that you have received at most 3 months before coming to Romania
– a tax statement from the previous year proving that you meet the minimum required income listed above
– bank account proving that you have the money or basically any document that proves that you have sufficient funds
– for students, writing a declaration that you have sufficient funds is acceptable.
For non-EU citizens, the police record is also required, proof that you have where to live and, based on your personal case (are you here to work, study, are you retired or have a different reason to stay), more things might be required. I found a complete list here, but unfortunately it’s only in Romanian language. However, it’s not anything that can’t be obtained easily while you are here in Romania, normally papers proving your grounds for staying here.
Have in mind that you must apply for a residence permit in the country (or an extension of it) 30 days before the expiration of your current status (that’s either after 60 days in the country or 30 days before your current permit expires).
Where to submit your application?
You have to visit the Immigration office in your current city. If you are in a small city, there might not be an Immigration office there, but one that serves the entire county. Just Google “birou emigrari” and the name of your city to find out where you can find the closest one!
What happens if you don’t get a residence permit
If you stay longer than 90 days in Romania, as an US citizen, you will incur a fine of up to $600 and you could also be banned from returning to Romania for a period of time that depends on the length of the overstay (but usually not longer than 1 year). If you have valid grounds for not getting the permit, like medical emergencies or school/employer failing to give you the required documents, you can request a waiver of the ban at the Immigration Office – this has to be done before leaving the country.
For EU citizens, you could incur a fine (apparently of just 20 Euros, but the info I have might be outdated) and you won’t be banned from returning to the country, under normal circumstances.
I found an article written by an US citizen about the entire process. The article is a bit outdated (written in 2011) but should give you a general idea on how things work.