How to Get a Residence Permit in Romania (and Renew It)

No matter if you are an EU or non-EU citizen, you are legally allowed to stay in Romania no more than 90 days. If you want to spend more time in Romania, you will need to get a residence permit – today, we’ll learn everything about that.

NOTE: This is a lengthy article with many details for various situations. Make sure to read the parts that apply to you (mainly if you are an EU or non-EU citizen).

You can also find out how to renew your residence permit in Romania towards the bottom of the article.

The Romanian Residence Permit

Also referred to as Certificat de inregistrare or Registration Certificate, the residence permit allows you to spend 1 to 5 years in Romania, legally.

Usually, the amount of time on each permit is 1 year, especially for non-EU citizens. EU citizens will get a permit to spend 5 years in the country easier.

The only problem is that you’ll have to deal a bit with the Romanian bureaucracy to get your residence permit – something that is not extremely enjoyable, but fortunately you don’t have to go through this often!

Also, based on the experiences shared by our readers, the office workers are doing their best to keep this experience as pleasant as possible.

In today’s article, we are going to talk about how to get a residence permit in Romania if you are an EU citizen but also if you are not an EU citizen.

The procedures vary slightly, with the latter being a bit more complicated. If you’re not an EU citizen, simply scroll down until you get to the non-EU part.

If you are only interested in renewing your permit, scroll down toward the bottom (the procedure is the same for both EU and non-EU citizens).

How to get your Romania residence permit as an EU citizen

If you’re looking to get a registration certificate in Romania (this is actually the official name, as the “residence permit” is actually given to family members – but we won’t focus too much on terminology right now), things are really simple for EU and EEA citizens.

Romanian Residence Permit
This is what you’re after (thanks, Shane for sharing it with us).

You need to complete a few steps and the permit is usually issued in the same day (takes a few hours):

1. First, you will need to fill up a form requesting your permit, and you can get yours from the territorial units of the General Inspectorate for Immigration (each larger city will have one).

You will get a different form based on your situation: you can register as an employee, volunteer, commercial activities, study, self sufficient person or family member.

You can also download the forms online (but you need to print them on paper). All can be found here.

2. You need your ID card or Passport (both copy and original)

3. Proof of funds if you apply for self sufficiency (pension slip, bank account etc) or work contract / study contract (depending on the case)

Note: As you will see below, unless you move here with work, the self-sufficient route is the easiest as the requirements are very low.

4. Optional: proof of health insurance (if you apply as a self-sufficient person, you will need this. If you are employed, you don’t).

If you are insured in another EU country, that is acceptable as long as you have the European Health Card.

Otherwise, you will need a private health insurance OR insurance under the Romanian national health insurance system.

What does “sufficient funds” or “self sufficient” mean in Romania?

Even though the salaries in Romania have grown over the years, the actual requirements for self sufficiency haven’t been updated accordingly. As a result, they are still at 2001 levels, even though they have been updated in 2013.

So, the amount you need to prove that you are self sufficient is pretty much laughable:

– 141,5 RON (around 30 Euros) per month for 1 person
– 255 RON (around 50 EUR) per month for a 2 person family
– 357 RON per month for a 3 person family
– 442 RON per month for a 4 person family
– 527 RON per month for a 5 person family
– extra 36.5 RON per month for each additional family member over 5

Note: DO NOT expect these values above to be enough for you to live in Romania. These are just bureaucratic requirements that make it really easy for all EU citizens to get their residence permit without the need of a lot of cash in the bank.

How to prove that you have sufficient funds:

  • Pension coupon that you have received at most 3 months before coming to Romania
  • a tax statement from the previous year proving that you meet the minimum required income listed above
  • a bank account proving that you have the money or basically any document that proves that you have sufficient funds
  • for students, writing a declaration that you have sufficient funds is acceptable.

IMPORTANT: In order to complete the registration forms, you will need a local address in Romania.

This means that you should have secured a rental contract or bought a house/apartment prior to applying. Make sure to have your rental contract on hand (a photocopy of it) just in case the office workers ask for it. Some do, some don’t.

You don’t have to pay any extra fees to get your residence permit as an EU citizen. Just go to the office with the required papers and that’s it!

For EU an EEA citizens, the residence permit is offered in the same day, usually immediately after dropping in the papers. But it can take up to a few hours.

The permit is valid for at least one year, but sometimes you can get up to 5 years. It can be renewed yearly (or before expiration) following the same simple procedures.

All in all, if you’re an EU citizen and you want to get a registration certificate in Romania for stays longer than 3 months, it’s extremely easy to get it.

How to get your Romania residence permit as a non-EU citizen

Things are a bit more complicated if you are a non-EU citizen who wants to stay in Romania for more than 90 days.

The main thing that makes getting a residence permit more difficult for an US, Canadian or any other non-EU citizen is the fact that self-sufficiency is not accepted as a valid reason to live here.

Also, Romania does not offer a retirement plan or something to make it easier for retirees to move to Romania, if they are from outside the EU.

So, even if you are a self sufficient person or a retiree, you will have to meet one of the requirements below in order to get your residence permit in Romania:

– being employed in Romania
– joining family (family reunification)
– studying
– scientific research or religious activities
– volunteering
– long-term medical treatment (you would actually need a letter from the institution treating you to confirm it)
– Unremunerated training (in this case, you must submit proof of sufficient funds, amounting to at least the monthly gross average salary in the country)
– manager of a company

This last method used to be the easiest way for self-sufficient people who are non-EU citizens to get their residence permit in Romania.

It was cheap and relatively easy to achieve, and it still is for most people who don’t meet any of the other requirements.

However, in order to get the registration certificate as the manager of a company, you now need to meet this requirement as well: the company realized a contribution of capital or a technology transfer of at least 50,000 EUR

(Update: according to our readers who discussed this in detail with the authorities, for US citizens, the 50,000 Euros criteria DOES NOT apply, meaning that  the entire process should be a lot easier).

Some of our readers also had success contacting various NGOs and getting the necessary paperwork from them. So you have your options, but it’s not simple.

The taxes you have to pay also vary depending on the type of application, but usually you should expect to have to pay at least the following:

  • 120 Euros consular tax
  • 259 RON (around 53 Euros) for the residency permit (permis de sedere) itself

Please have in mind that these taxes might change, use them more as a guideline and double check with the embassy for actual costs!

For non-EU citizens, the police record is also required, proof that you have health insurance, proof that you have where to live and, based on your personal situation and reasons for applying, more documents might be required.

Have in mind that you must apply for a residence permit in the country (or an extension of it) at least 30 days before the expiration of your current status (that’s either after 60 days in the country or 30 days before your current permit expires).

IMPORTANT: Children are guaranteed to get the residence permit as part of the family reunification process, but they can only apply after the parent(s) get their own permit.

In other words, make sure to time this correctly if your child arrived in the country at the same date as you did, otherwise you risk them overstaying their visa!

How easy is it to get your residence permit as a non-EU citizen?

As long as you have all the necessary paperwork, everything is very easy. There were stories in the past of people being denied their stays (either visas or extensions) but that only happens if you do not meet the requirements.

For example, our reader John K wrote this reply to another article:

“So much easier to make contact with a non-profit school or charity and arrange a volunteer contract which is sufficient for imigrare.

Of course you still need health insurance, lease, doctors note, possibly proof of income (my pension record), volunteer contract (I tutor kids), but its far cheaper than opening a dummy company.

I’m applying for my third renewal next month. I suggest you visit imigrare and get a print-out of what you need and submit a copy with your package, they will use it as a checklist. I suggest you submit on the earliest day they accept it.”

So you don’t really have to go the dummy-company route in order to get your permit!

Where to submit your application?

You have to visit the Immigration office in your current city, or you can try it online.

If you are in a small city or village, there might not be a local Immigration office there, but one that serves the entire county in a nearby, larger city.

Just Google “birou emigrari” and the name of your city to find out where you can find the closest one!

Recently, an online portal was opened for this. You can check it out here.

What happens if you don’t get your residence permit

If you stay longer than 90 days in Romania, as an US citizen or other non-EU individual, without getting the residence permit, you will incur a fine of up to $600 and you could also be banned from returning to Romania for a period of time that depends on the length of the overstay (but usually no longer than 1 year).

If you have valid grounds for not getting the permit, like medical emergencies or school/employer failing to give you the required documents, you can request a waiver of the ban at the Immigration Office – this has to be done before leaving the country.

For EU citizens, you could incur a fine (apparently of around 50 lei, which is something like 12 Euros) and you won’t be banned from returning to the country, nor deported.

If you want to find out even more, you can check out this article which fully details how an US family moved to Romania and what they had to do to make their stay legal and permanent.

Have in mind that they made the move back in 2015 and things changed a bit since then, but apparently not by a lot.

Also, make sure to read the comments below this article for extra useful information on the matter, shared by our readers who went through this process.

How to Renew Your Residence Permit in Romania

renewing your residence permit romania

Renewing your residence permit is very similar with getting a new one, as you will basically have to provide the same documentation once again.

Even though the process of renewing your Romania “permis de sedere” (residence permit) is a lot more straightforward and easy, there are still some things that you should keep in mind.

First, the year you are usually given on your residence permit starts to be counted from the day you APPLY for the said permit, and not when you receive it. So always check the dates on your permit!

Also, our reader Brandon Xavier shared this experience with us (it was on a different article that was merged with this one):

“Something unexpected happened while I was renewing that might be important for others to know.

Due to a number of things (some beyond my control, some not) I had some delays getting my company operating (not a dummy company, BTW).

While the agent was reviewing my documents, she noticed on the constator no revenue had been reported.

She warned me that this was going to be problem, and took notes while I explained all the delays in the startup (everything from waiting for my partner to finish some certifications, to COVID caused delays, to dealing with the bureaucracy of the ONRC, etc.). She was very understanding and said she would help try to get this solved.

She was right about it being a problem. I got a call almost 30 days later from the immigration office wanting to know why the business was not operating yet and when it would be.

I explained to the gentleman about all the delays, but he was pretty insistent that I needed to show some proof of the company operating before he would approve the renewal. We agreed that I would emails him copies of some receipts as soon as I could.

So, I got to work opening up the business on a limited basis and made copies of the first few receipts to email to him.

Almost 30 more days later I got a notification that my case was “Resolved”. I had to email back to find out exactly what that meant. It was then they called me and told me my permit de sedere was ready to pick up.

I do not know if this is a permanent change in policy or what. But you might want to investigate further if you’re planning on staying here long-term as an administrator of a “dummy” company.”

So there can always be surprises and particularities, on a case by case basis. But in 99% of the cases, things should go smoothly and without any problems or hiccups.

Also, make sure to read the comments below. There are some nice experiences shared by people who went through this and were kind enough to detail the process once more.

Share if you liked this!

73 thoughts on “How to Get a Residence Permit in Romania (and Renew It)”

  1. I am looking to buy a land in Romania worth £5000

    Is it possible for me to apply for 5year PR so I can stay near my land and later apply for citizenship in Romania after 5years of stay ?

    I want to move out of india

    • Unfortunately, that is not a viable option. Non-EU people are not allowed to own land in Romania (although they are allowed to own property). You could buy a property in a village and turn it into a business, which would allow you to get the permit here, but it has to be renewed on a yearly basis and not valid for 5 years. Plus, this would also require extra money spent on the business alone each year.

  2. For the manager of a company visa for Americans.

    I spoke with a lawyer in Romania today (who’s does this for a few other Americans already), and she informed me that the 50,000 euro criteria does NOT apply to Americans. It is waved and you do not need to show proof.

    Just wanted to let you know as maybe it’s changed from any research done previously and for any fellow Americans the read this.

      • Hello Calin
        I am not sure if you can help me with the problem I did not find yet in MAE ‘s link. I have double citizenship : one Romanian and one Canadian. I am in a common-law relationship for 15 years, recognized here in Canada. I am planning to retire and take my Canadian man with me in Romania. What kind of documentation my Canadian needs to be able to live in Romania without having a company? I don’t want him to work anymore: he will be retired from Canada and I want him to enjoy life as a retired person in Romania. I hope you could answer me. Thank you in advance.

    • Thanks 👍 Sir, but can you let us know how much funds is required in our bank account if single person want to move there for US citizen ?

  3. I just want to say a huge thank you to Calin for this article and share today’s experience.

    So with the uncertainty of Brexit and with the chaos surrounding UK politics at the moment I have known for some time that I needed to get a residents permit. Today armed with all the documents listed by Calin I made the journey with my 8 year old daughter to our county town of Resita and took the plunge.

    We soon found the birou de imigrari tucked behind the Police inspectorate and nervously I went in and explained in my best Romanian why I was there. The officer on duty was a nice guy and luckily there was no-one else waiting so I didn’t feel under pressure, he didn’t speak English but we got through ok. I explained the main reason I wanted it was because of Brexit and the uncertainty and also explained that ultimately after coming to Romania for nearly 30 years that I would be applying for a Romanian passport.

    He gave me a form to complete and I needed to show all the documents Calin listed, but it’s worth mentioning here that he required photocopies of my passport, medical card and bank details. I thought the bank details would be a deal breaker as he was concerned it wasn’t a Romanian bank, but I explained that the debit card I had for the same account had a link logo on and meant I ciukd access funds from here and it seemed to do the trick.

    He took my documents and the form and after taking my photo told me to return 4 hours later. We did and I had the certificate. And, here’s the added was for 5 years!!

    Also worth mentioning it didn’t cost a penny, When I said I was expecting to pay he said it was free.

    However as I left the office elated and so excited we walked back to the car and Zara realized she had left her mobile in the office!! Yes I know she’s only 8 but when we are here I insist she has a phone with her in case we get split up or she somehow wanders off, so we rushed back and the office was shut and the door had an old style “plumbe” seal on it preventing access. I called her mobile and we could hear it ringing inside. On the door was an emergency contact number, I took the plunge and called it and luckily it was answered by the same man. He told me to hang on and came back to the office to provide access, how nice was that?

    He was a really nice man and after the initial questioning seemed to warm to us and started to show his curiousity to how I ended up there.

    All in all a great day with a great result, thank you Calin for the inspiration and information.

    • Wow, Shane! I am really happy to read about such a perfect and pleasant experience here in Romania! I am happy that everything went well and getting the permit for 5 years definitely saves you from a lot of trouble. Congrats and thanks for sharing all the details with fellow readers!

  4. Great information!

    I am interested in applying for a Romanian residence permit under the category of being a manager of a company. I checked the rules here:
    I am wondering a few things (all quotes taken from the website above):
    1. Can this company be a foreign company, such as one registered in another EU state (i.e Bulgaria)?
    2. It clearly states on the website ‘as an administrator of the company, on the date of the request you are not associated or shareholder of the company concerned or to another Romanian legal entity and have not had these qualities in the past 2 years’. I don’t understand this – how can I create a company and not be a shareholder or be associated with the company?
    3. ‘proof of the financial means of support amounting to at least 500 EUR per month from the activity exercised in accordance with the mandate agreement.’ Does this mean 500 euros x 12 months (the duration of the permit) = 6000 euros? Can this be proven with a statement from my overseas bank account ?
    4. ‘To obtain your residence permit you must be insured in the state system. Therefore, you will need to present to the territorial body of the General Immigration Inspectorate where you request the granting of this right a certificate issued by the Health Insurance House or the individual employment contract accompanied by the ReviSal “print screen”, if you are employed in Romania.’
    I am not a resident in Romania. How can I be insured in the state system as a nonresident?
    5. You mentioned in the article that US citizens are exempt from the 50,000 euro startup capital requirement. Do you know if Canadians are as well?

    Thank you!


    • Hello Manny,

      I will answer to your questions on a point by point basis. Great finds and questions, by the way!

      1. No, it has to be a company created and registered in Romania.

      2. I think they mean that you are just the administrator or the owner of the company, and not in a partnership. This is vague and strange (I checked the Romanian version and it’s the same), but I do think they refer to the fact that you should be the sole owner of the company.

      3. I didn’t see that mentioned anywhere – but yes, a bank statement from anywhere should be enough.

      4. Yes, this is a problem that the family who moved from the US to Brasov had. What you will actually have to do is get private insurance in Romania and use that as a proof of being insured in the country. Only afterwards you will be able to get state health insurance and drop the private one if you want to.

      5. Unfortunately, I am not 100% sure about this, but I would say that Canadians are exempt as well.

    • I’m a Canadian living here. Americans, Canadians, and Japanese all have the same agreement with the Romanian government and are exempt from showing proof of business income.

  5. Hi,

    I’m a US citizen who just received his residence permit this week (as a firm administrator)! I’d like to share my experiences. It was much less traumatic than I thought it would be! BTW, I primarily speak English and my Romanian is still extremely poor. And the experiences I describe relate to the Bucharest office on Strada Eforie.

    First, some general advice. 1. Be patient. If you’re not a patient person, you will learn to become one. 2. From my observations, Romania is not a particularly customer-centric country. Once you accept that, it’s easy to get used to it. In other words, don’t expect “service with a smile” every where you go. NB: Not saying this as a negative, just a level set for your expectations. It is what it is. 3. Always bring the originals and copies of every document. Always.

    The first thing you need to do is find a place to live, and get a registered contract. Assuming you’re renting, you may get some push back from your prospective landlord about a registered contract. You absolutely need this. If the landlord is unwilling to provide one, say thank you and move on to the next apartment on your list. There WILL be another one in the area and price range you’re looking for.

    Now, to get your company formed. Hire an avocat. Seriously, don’t even think about trying it yourself. I paid 1000 RON, plus the initial 200 RON bank deposit, plus 200 euro to register his office as my headquarters (sediu). Then he went and filed all the paperwork, and arranged for the notary public and translator (more on this below). All I had to do was meet up at the notariat to sign the papers. That was a bargain considering the potential headaches and grief waiting for an inexperienced, non-Romanian speaking guy like myself. Of course, your experience and pricing may vary.

    Notariats: Unlike in the US, notary publics are much more formal. You cannot simply bring a document and have them add their seal after watching you sign it. They are more like a combination of paralegals (they actually draw up the papers) and the courthouse where papers get filed. And if you are not a Romanian speaker, you are REQUIRED to have a licensed translator read the documents to you in English. When I was forming the company, the notariat charged about 200 RON and the translator 300 RON. Later, when preparing the power of attorney for my accountant, I shopped around and paid 95 for the notariat and 100 for the translator. Also, be aware most notariats fall into the “not customer-friendly” category – but there are some nice ones – don’t be afraid to shop around — for example: if they say “go away until next week”, just smile and say “No thanks, I’ll go to the one down the street”. And ALWAYS call the notariat – don’t just drop in to schedule an appointment – even the nice ones don’t like that.

    OK, you have your place to live and a company formed now. Time to work on the residence permit. First, get your certificate of health. Go find a policlinica and ask at the front desk. In my case, it cost 30 RON and about 10 minutes of my time. Never saw a doctor or other health professional – gave a lady 30 RON and my passport and she came back 10 minutes later with the document all filled out and signed. Your experience may vary. Make you sure you have private health insurance – if you bought a policy off the internet print out the contract and make sure it shows the start and end date of the contract. That’s all they looked at on mine – no details of the coverage, deductables, repatriation, etc. Now make a copy of everything — including your passport – you need a copy of the picture page and the stamp page with your latest date of entry in Romania. You also need to pay the taxes and fees. If you don’t have a local bank account (not every bank will allow you to open an account without residence status – example: BT as of circa 1/7/2019), you can look up the amounts and account numbers and go to a CASH-handling branch (this eliminates most mall branches) of CEC and BCR to pay these. You’ll also need a printout of your latest bank statement showing you have the necessary funds to live. On mine they just looked at the date and the balance at the top – they didn’t poke thru all the line items. A whole 10 seconds was spent on that.

    Time now to visit the immigration office. Gather up all your originals and copies of everything and head down. If you’re going to Strada Eforie, you turn right as soon as you enter the building and go thru the double doors, then enter the first doors on the left. You’ll be in a big room with two windows on each side. You want the windows on the left hand side (as you’re entering). All the agents there speak very good English, are extremely helpful and quite pleasant to deal with. (This is after having to visit several times – your experience may vary). When it’s your turn, approach the window and tell the agent you need to apply for a resident permit as a firm administrator. They will ask you for your documents and sort thru them to make sure you have everything needed. The first time I went, I was missing a few and the lady very kindly wrote out a list of what I needed and where I needed to go (I was missing a constator because I have a Romanian partner for my business). If you’re missing anything – just go get it and come back.

    One thing they will check is if you are within the 60 day period you have to file your application. In my case there was some vagueness (possibly due to translation) in how the rule is worded and I was not in that 60 day period. Don’t worry! They give you a form to go pay a small fine – 50 RON if you pay within a few days or 100-500 RON if you wait. I paid the fine that day and returned with the proof. (They accepted the application anyway and just added the proof of payment when i returned)

    After you have everything, they will fill out the application – you’ll sign some stuff and they take your picture. Then you get to come back in 30 days and pick up your permit!

    A couple of things I was expecting but never came up: That 50K euro requirement was never mentioned nor was I even asked about my company’s current assets at all. And even though I had it with me, they never asked for my criminal background check (BTW, if you need one – go to the US embassy to pick up a couple of fingerprint cards, take the cards to a police station on Stefan Cel Mare where they will take your fingerprints, then setup the request at the FBI website and overnight the cards to them – turn around time was about 4 days and cost was $18 – no need to deal with 3rd party services).

    All in all, it was a far simpler and pleasanter experience than I had expected. The anxiety and uncertainty of doing something this important really made me nervous and scared. But having gone thru it once now, my best advice is: be nice, be patient, and if you have any questions – ask nicely at the immigration office – those people were absolutely awesome to deal with!

    Good luck!

    • One other bit of advice: As soon as you form your company, hire an accountant (contabil). You’ll need him/her working on getting you set up to pay taxes, handle employee contracts, etc. There’s a fair bit more bureaucracy here than you’ll find in other places.

      Also, when hiring an avocat or contabil, be sure you speak the same language – or have somebody available who can translate well including the professional lingo. While my avocat was excellent at what he did, we did have a language barrier that caused some unnecessary grief.

      • Hi Everyone and thanks Brandon and Romanian for such a detailed artice giving such precise information.
        I am also planning to take same route for stay permit. @Brandon: Can you please share the name and contact details of Avocat, translator and Contabil. I will be very grateful.
        Anil Awasthi

    • Hi Brandon, I’m a US citizen as well and am planning on applying for residency. Can you please share the contact info for the avocat/lawyer you used?

  6. Cu placere! I should have also thanked you for all the valuable information provided here.

    Hopefully by sharing some of the details of the process – like what line to stand in at the immigration office (nothing worse than standing in line over an hour only to get to the window and find you’ve been in the wrong line LOL) or the simplicity of getting the certificate of public health — it will help relieve some anxiety for others.

  7. Hello,
    I really appreciate the way you structured the information here. On the official immigration office, everything is confusing since it’s split into multiple pages and not very good organised.
    I am an EU citizen, who obtained a residence permit last year, following your guide. Thanks for that 🙂

    Now, I need to renew/extend my residence permit and according to their website I need the following:
    1. application;
    2. passport, original and duplicate
    c. proof of the founds
    d. proof of legal ownership of the living space (original and duplicate)
    e. proof of social health insurance
    f. medical certificate;
    g. fees

    I have a European Health card now and I don’t want to pay again for private insurance. Will this be good enough?
    Also, in another place on the same website, the medical certificate is not mentioned.
    Is it really necessary?

    Thank you in advance!

    • Hi Peter,

      I just finished renewing my residence permit, and maybe some of my experiences will be helpful to you and others.

      NB: Some of the following is based on living in Bucuresti and will obviously not apply if you are in a different area. Also, my permit is based on me being the owner/administrator of a company – your requirements might vary if you’re here for other purposes.

      First, sadly the office on Strada Eforie closed in December 2019. The functions there have moved to the office on Strada Nicolae Iorga (just west of Piata Romana off Bdul Dacia) — the same office where one would go for family-related visas. That in and of itself isn’t so bad, but with COVID precautions in place, it’s not so pleasant.

      You can no longer just go down to the office and wait in line to ask questions. They almost always want you to have an appointment (the only exception I’m aware of is when I was picking up my permis de sedere – they called me and I was able to just go and pick it up). How do you get an appointment? It seems you fill out your online application and they will email you a date/time to come down with your documents shortly afterwards.

      You CAN also talk to the guard at the entrance to the courtyard and get an adhoc appointment scheduled – but these are limited in number and may require you to come back several hours later (not sure if you can schedule for another day). Bottom-line: it’s better if you can get an appointment scheduled ahead of time.

      Regarding insurance: When I went to renew, I was told my private Cigna policy was not acceptable and I must have the state issued insurance. I do not know if a European Health card is acceptable. Basically what they did was go to this website to check whether I had the state insurance. I didn’t.

      Not a big problem, if you need it, go down to your local ANAF office – they’ll give you about a 5 page form of which you basically just fill out your name and address and sign the last page, then pay about 1300 lei for a year (minimum annual health contribution), then carry the documents to a local insurance house (in Bucuresti, go to CASMB near Baneasa) and they sign you up. The whole process can easily be done in a day (depending on your luck with how busy the offices are).

      The medical certificate was required. I got mine the same way as last time: walk into the nearest policlinica, ask nicely, pay the fee, and don’t ask for a receipt (*wink, wink*).

      And I agree, the website is awful for finding information and requirements. Another reason this website is so awesome and such a blessing! (Thanks again Calin!). The best way I found to get information from the website is to start an application (you can cancel before submitting) and see what documents it asks you to upload. Also, I did not have to submit a photo – they take your picture when you go to present your documents.

      Good luck!

    • I went there without appointment i just waited for hours in the cold, then they say me i need an appointment online.
      Portaligi is a mess, After understanding how to ask for an appointment they just invalidate my request because they want some stupid document.
      After understanding how to get this document, they ask me to pay 45 lei, fine. I try to pay and they say i don’t have enough founds. I have at least 100k lei.

      I start to understand why romanians complain about Romania.

  8. Wow! What a detailed and great post for anyone considering Romania. You gotta love how they make everything even more difficult than necessary. We get quite a bit of taste here. I’m curious, is that family that moved to Brasov still there?

    • Yes, it would be nice to maybe have the same requirements and process throughout the EU at least. That would make things easier (although you never know). At least for those living in the EU, it’s simple.

      And yes, Kevin and his family are still going strong in Brasov. I think this is their sixth year!

  9. If we have workpermit valid till may 17 but company refused to make Tr card means temporary card at last period.Will he and she fine that he is having old resident card valid but the new company cheat making only contract paper and workpermit not resident card. What happened in this case.

  10. I am a US citizen married to Romanian wife in America in March 2021.

    I am in US at the moment, and want to move to Romania with her.

    Do I need to file first for the Romania Family Reunification Visa (D/VF) before I can get the resident permit?

    So is it 120 Euro for the D/VF Visa + 53 Euro for the Resident Permit?

    Since I am a US citizen and we have been married for 4 months, how long do you think the resident permit will last? I read they can grant it for 6 months to 5 years, so do you think the marriage-based one will grant me 5 years?

    Also, the resident permit requires you to stay 6 months continuously – but is there a way to avoid this so we can leave Romania to go to other countries maybe non-Schengen without getting it revoked?

    I read that you need to spend 5 years in Romania before you can become eligible for citizenship.

    Chad Ding Dong

    • The family reunification is the reason that will grand you the residence permit, so that is what you have to apply for. That costs around 53 Euros.

      Normally, for US citizens, it’s given for 1 year. I don’t think you will be able to get a longer one, although you never know. It sometimes depends on who you get at the office and the impression you leave them. If it’s a good one, you might get more years 🙂 (don’t try to bribe them tough!)

      Regarding the 6 month-rule, it’s actually 6 to 10 months in a 5 year period and is related to obtaining citizenship. This means that if you want to apply for Romanian citizenship, you need to have continuously lived in Romania for at least 4 years and 2 months during the past 5 years.

      But as far as I know, if you’re not interested in applying for citizenship, you are free to travel to other countries for 6 months or more after receiving your residence permit (so there are no limitations here as far as I know).

      • Thanks for this information.

        For the citizenship, how are they able to check if you’ve been there for 4 years/2 months (aka “5 years”)? I want to make Romania my home base, but I want to be able to “sneak out” if possible for more than 6 months to say Asia or Western Europe. So say I fly into Romania from USA. Can I just then jhust enter another Schengen country, and then leave from there say like Italy (assuming when Romania enters Schengen). However, I’m not sure if they are checking borders due to COVID-19.

        I assume they have some database of where you entered in EU and exited?

        When applying for Romanian citizenship it asks:

        “Documents required

        As well as satisfying the above conditions [for Romanian citizenship through marriage] you will also need to submit an application. You will need to provide the following documents:

        Original passport as well as notarised copy.

        A statement showing legal residence in Romania for at least 8 years or, if married to a Romanian citizen for at least 5 years of marriage. This can be a copy of your permanent residence permit for foreigners issued by the General Inspectorate for Immigration.”

        Couldn’t I just get a new US passport from the US embassy in Romania, and say that I lost the one which shows all the entry/exit times? So when I submit it when filing the citizenship application, it will not show I left the country?

        Because it seems the main evidence for proving residence will be things like health insurance, income (we have rental property under my wife’s name that we can submit), and proof of residence (wife’s property).

        Chad Ding Dong

      • If Romania joins Schengen, you will probably have more freedom to travel between Schengen states without raising any flags. But authorities do have a digital evidence of your entries and exists, so even if you “lose” your passport, the data will still be available to them.

        • Thanks.

          What about crossing from Romania to Bulgaria into Turkey, or Romania into Ukraine?

          And can I just travel by myself with the Romanian permanent resident card through Schengen or also Ukraine/Turkey?

          If not, do they always stamp your passport or scan it when you enter Ukraine or Turkey?

          I know that I can travel with wife with the resident card through EU as she is a EU citizen, but I assume that the Romanian resident card doesn’t let me stay longer than 90 days in other Schengen countries? So if I was checked by say Germany, and i showed them the resident card (without my wife there), they could give me issue if I was over 90 days (on my US passport)?

          Chad Ding Dong

        • The residency card only applies to Romania and changes nothing on how you visit other countries. This means that even if you have a Romanian residency card, you would still be under the rules that US travelers are in any other country but Romania.

          For example, if you would need a Visa to enter Bulgaria as a US citizen, even if you have a Romanian Residency card, you would still need a Visa to enter, because you are still a US citizen.

          Same rules apply to how long you are allowed to stay in any other country in Europe: you would still travel on your US passport as an US citizen. It doesn’t matter that you are a resident of Romania.

          The only place where you would have more freedom would be inside the Schengen area, because in normal times there would be no customs controls.

  11. Hi everybody!

    My last renewal went very smoothly! Whew! (Bu I still stressed over it)

    Now, I have a question I hope somebody can help with. I’m changing apartments on 1 September. I already have the registered contract in hand and I’m pretty sure I know what documents I need to file. But I’m puzzled about the taxes to be paid. Does anybody know the cost for reissuing a residence permit for a change of address? Or know where to look it up?

    Thanks in advance,

    Brandon Xavier

  12. One small update to the process: As of January 2021, you no longer pay any taxes at BCR. Both taxes are paid at CEC.

    • Yes, that is the official partner of the state (as well as a smaller bank whose name I can’t remember). There are talks about creating a bank that would handle all these, but it will probably be a long time before that happens.

  13. Hi C. The Romanian,

    Appreciate the write-up, I had some questions that I was hoping you may be able to elaborate as we are a little confused, and the Bucharest Immigration office has been difficult to contact.

    Question 1:

    As a US citizen looking to reunite with my Romanian citizen wife in Bucharest, do I need to get the D/VF before filing for the temporary resident permit? Or can I enter Bucharest as a US tourist for 90 days, and then file for the D/VF reunification visa in Bucharest and then the temporary resident permit?

    When applying for D/VF long term family reunification visa (I am a US citizen married to Romanian citizen), what is the income requirements for my Romanian citizen wife? You mentioned something above below but not sure if is correct for a nonEU (US citizen) with Romanian citizen wife (sponsor). My Romanian wife says that there’s no way they will accept 255 RON/month for a month.

    “Even though the salaries in Romania have grown over the years, the actual requirements for self sufficiency haven’t been updated accordingly. As a result, they are still at 2001 levels, even though they have been updated in 2013.

    So, the amount you need to prove that you are self sufficient is pretty much laughable:

    – 141,5 RON (around 30 Euros) per month for 1 person
    – 255 RON (around 50 EUR) per month for a 2 person family
    – 357 RON per month for a 3 person family
    – 442 RON per month for a 4 person family
    – 527 RON per month for a 5 person family
    – extra 36.5 RON per month for each additional family member over 5

    Note: DO NOT expect these values above to be enough for you to live in Romania. These are just bureaucratic requirements that make it really easy for all EU citizens to get their residence permit without the need of a lot of cash in the bank.”

    How or where can I find this information? And does this apply for my Romanian citizen wife? So she only needs to present 255 RON (50 EUR)/month proof? Is this true as of September 2021?
    Question 2:

    “How to prove that you have sufficient funds:

    Pension coupon that you have received at most 3 months before coming to Romania
    a tax statement from the previous year proving that you meet the minimum required income listed above
    a bank account proving that you have the money or basically any document that proves that you have sufficient funds
    for students, writing a declaration that you have sufficient funds is acceptable.”

    Is this also the case for D/VF proof of income for reuniting with Romanian spouse citizen (as a US citizen)?
    Question 3:

    Before the non-EU national applies for a Romania long stay visa, they must receive authorization from the Romania General Inspectorate for Immigration.

    To obtain authorization for family reunification from the Inspectorate General for Immigration, the sponsor has to send the following documents:

    “The documents needed when applying for a Romania residence permit for family reunification are:

    • Documents proving family ties (birth/marriage certificates, translated and apostilled, in both original and a copy)
    • An authenticated letter stating that the sponsor will live together with his/her family members.
    • A letter from the sponsor declaring that the relationship is not bigamous or polygamous (for spouses).
    • Proof that the sponsor has sufficient financial means to support his/her family members
    • Copies of both the sponsor’s and family members’ passports
    • Proof of accommodation in Romania
    • Proof of social health insurance for the sponsor and the family member/s.
    • A medical certificate issued by any public or private sanitary institution declaring that neither the sponsor nor the family member/s suffer from any disease that are a threat to public health.
    • Proof of paid residence permit fee.”

    Since we married in America, our marriage certificate is in English. Does this need to be translated? Do I need to get it apostilled, or notarized? Or can we just present a copy (or should it be the original) of the marriage certificate?

    My wife in Romania does not have my original birth certificate, so should I mail it to her since I am in the US? Or is a scanned copy sufficient?

    For the medical certificate can it be done in America or should I do it in Romania? I’d prefer to do it in America but then the documents would be in English and not Romanian.

    And what is an “authenticated” letter for indicating I will be living with my wife in Romania?

    How does my wife in Bucharest begin the authorization with the Romania General Inspectorate for Immigration in Bucharest? Does she need to call, visit them in person, or file online? Then once she gets approval, how do I begin the visa application in the NYC Romanian consulate?

    Finally, assuming everything goes well, once I enter Bucharest, do we start the resident permit process online?

    • Hello. Lots of questions 🙂

      1. You can enter as a tourist and apply during the initial 90 days. This is the best way to do it, since your presence will help a lot.

      The income requirement is still accurate legally. I double checked and they say something vague like “It’s related to the net minimum wage”. So worst case scenario, you need 1,386 lei per month ($333). You can find this info in the IGI website.

      2. Yes, and it also includes any form or recurrent payments (like salary).

      3. Normally, a document in English language should be enough – but they might require it to be translated. You will only find this out when you go to the office (although they should accept any document in English language).

      Usually, copies are enough. A scanned document that is then printed should also be enough. But I repeat – there’s a bit of uncertainty here and you can always expect an overzealous authority to demand to see the original also.

      Authenticated refers to the fact that it has to be notarized.

      Normally, the health certificate should be accepted in English language. But again, you can never know for sure. Your health insurance will have to be Romanian though (the one offered by the state), but you won’t be able to get it because you don’t have a permis de sedere. This is just to get an idea of how much sense these laws make sometimes…

      I doubt anything can be done online. It’s best for your wife to call, make an appointment and visit the Inspector in person. Knowing exactly what is required from the person that will handle your case is always the best approach. Romanians still love to do/solve everything face to face, and she might ever receive some helpful tips on how to make this process faster.

      • I’ll add my 2 cents….all of your certificates has to be translated. Get with a Notary, they will have a translator they work with. Just hand them copies of everything.
        Get the medical exam here. One time I saw a doctor, she asked if I was healthy. The second time I just told the clinic I needed this form and no questions were asked and I paid about $15 US each time. A US medical examination, especially if they think it’s for immigration purposes is extensive and costly. I’ve immigrated to both countries in my lifetime.

  14. Dear Calin,

    I am a British National but would like to move to and live in Romania. My brother has lived here for almost 5 years with his Romanian partner. My questions are:
    1. Can I get a residency permit under the family reunification?
    2. I am looking to retire and I have a work pension that I already receive even though I am currently still working. Will this suffice as proof of sufficient funds, it is currently £900+ per month.
    3. What additional documents will I need, I am unclear due to the issues with Brexit as to what is or is not required.
    If it helps I am considering buying a property near Arad.

    I look forward to hearing from you,


  15. I am a srilankan National but would like to move to and live in Romania. My questions are:
    1. Can I get a residency permit if i am employed in Romania
    i also request that be made aware of the other things that are required for that

    I look forward to hearing from you,

    • Yes, that’s basically the easiest way to get a residence permit – by getting a job here. Usually, the employer will handle this for you or at least provide you with advice on how to quickly do this.

  16. I am a non EU resident of Romania and have a valid temporary residence permit which will expire Feb 2022. I would like to avoid having to renew it every year. What is required to have a temporary residence permit valid for longer then 1 year?

  17. Legal marriage will be the easiest. If you do it in Canada make sure you get of your personal docs apostille Birth Cert; Marriage previous divorce cert if applicable. I would call the immigration authority in the locale you will be moving to. You should be able to upload all of the documents for review and approval prior to arriving in the country. Once here he will need to go to and GP and get a quick test for Aids Hepatitis and covid and you should be good to go with 5 year stay(may be able to do this in Canada not sure). If you go with not getting legally married you will likely have to go with one of the options above like providing proof of Income (retirement) and I as it appeared some affiliation with a non profit. This will have to be renewed every year. If you do get married I suggest you deal with the hassle in Canada and get your documents approved there as jumping through the hoops of the legal marriage here on top of then immigration office. Quite likely will not be able to be accomplished in the 90 window.

  18. Hello C,

    I hold a Romanian citizenship, but I have never lived in Romania (dual citizenship).

    Do you know what is required of me so as to become an official Romanian tax resident, without staying in Romania long term?

    I am asking this since I plan to open a Romanian SRL and becoming a Romanian tax resident can save a bit of personal income tax for me.

    Thank you:)

    • Especially with opening a business here, I don’t think you will need to do anything special in order to become a tax resident, even if you don’t spend a long time here. You already have Romanian citizenship – all you have to do is to change your tax residence here in Romania and also announce the change in the country where you are currently a tax resident.

  19. Hello C.
    I am originally from Romania, I got married 26 years ago and since then I live in US. I have no longer the Romanian citizenship, that was taken when I become US citizen. I want to move to Romania to reunite with my relatives, but I want to keep my US citizenship. What options are for me to stay without loosing the US citizenship? Thank you

  20. Hi there,

    URGENT (sorry for the capitals)

    I’m British and I have temporary residence in Romania. I have had this residency for just under a year now.
    The question I have is this; I flew back to UK on the 5th of August 2021 and haven’t yet returned back to Romania. I’m fast approaching the “6th consecutive month out of the country” mark and must return to Romania in order to keep my residency. IF I fly to Romania and back to UK on the same day would that reset this timer, or would I need to stay in Romania for a set period of time in order to reset the 6 month thing? I hope this make sense.

    Thanks. 🙂 🇷🇴

  21. Hi
    I am a British citizen and married to a Romanian, I would like to live in Romania with my husband, however I am worried about the proof of means of subsistence; ie would savings be sufficient (self sufficient) instead of employment (husband is not employed) and how much would be needed?

    • In this case, things would be pretty straightforward: since the husband is already a Romanian citizen, he can apply for a “viza de reintregire a familiei” (family reunification visa) for you and no additional income proofs would be required.

      • Hi
        Thanks so much for your help 🙂 I was wondering if it would be possible to guide/advise me in applying for the family reunification visa as a british citizen? I couldnt find much information online ie can I apply for the family reunification visa in Romania ( as I know we dont need a visa to visit romania ), once I have this I can still remain in romania and apply for a residency permit? or would I have to go to the Romania embassy in london to apply for this visa ? your help is very much appreciated , Thanks Amy

        • Hi Amy – i am having similar problems. Authories have told my foance that one we are married i can apply straight for the residency permit.

          So you may be able to do this? Please let me know if you found out anything further – i know its difficult.
          Aimee 🙂

        • Also my experience with visas is that you HAVE to apply in the UK. I left romania to do just that – the process was very long and the visa was ultimatley rejected without any real reason
          I applied for a voluntary visa as i was volunteering on a farm.
          You need various bits of information and the first step is applying online. You upload all your documents then get an appointment an appointment in the london or manchester consulate where you submit everything, pay a fine and they send it off. I had a terrible experience, you cannot contact either of them to ask questions, they dont offer any support and they dont clearly state the info you need for everything required to ensure the visa (in english at least i have spent MANY hours researching)
          If you go on to the romanian embassy visa and apply for ‘e-visa’ you can start there.
          Best of luck

  22. Hey – great article that is helping me through a really hard time. I plan to marry my romanian man in romania – he is being told by authorities this is the only way to keep me there (im a uk woman) he has libed there since birth
    I was convinced that i needed a visa -( family reunification) in order to get the residence card but
    If i marry on romanian land, in his county, and go to the immigration office i can apply for the residency card?
    I have legalised police checks, birth certificate, hopefully a marriage certificate and i will insure than i apply within 30 days of my leaving date.
    I didnt imagine marrying the man i love would be such a stress. I dont want to have to keep leaving him
    Any thoughts or suggestipms? Thanks in advance.

      • I think that its amazing you keep such a well put together website for us. I found this after hours and hours and hours of research.

        The only thing im confused on is this (im unsure if you can offer help but ill give it a try)
        As im without visa – after the marriage does HE have to apply for a visa (no eu family reunification) or something and then the residence permit.

        Im unsure if after marriage, say i have 30 days legally left in the country without visa would i have to return to the uk AGAIN 🙁 or could we stay together and do this from alba (his local city)?

        Thanks in advance – can we dontate to your website?
        When you are so desperate for answers it really is so kind when so one helps.

        • Yes, you can apply for the visa from Romania after you get married. I would do it at most 30 days before your permit expires as it can take up to a month (maybe even more) to actually receive it. The best thing to do, for your complete piece of mind, would be to take your to-be husband to the immigration office and ask the questions there (maybe even a phone call will do it).

          Things could be done a bit differently from city to city, but usually you will find people that are very understanding and helpful. So again, don’t worry – as long as you do get married in time and apply for the visa, all will be fine. Enjoy your new life in Romania!

  23. i want to know about students trc,,,,i got trc for 3 years ,,,but now i dont want to continue my study …what i do now i came from Asia

  24. Hi I would like to know if I need a company contract or some document from a company to renew my current residence permit. I am physically unemployed at the moment but my temporary resident card is valid till January. I am working online and paid online at the moment.

  25. Time for my annual update! 🙂

    First, guards no longer control access to the courtyard at the Strada Nicolae Iorga office in Bucuresti. On the the hand, it’s nice not having to line up on the street. But on the other hand, I REALLY took for granted how much they contributed to ensuring you were in the right line (i.e. “Stand in this line for window 1”, etc.) and managing the chaos of so many people in such a relatively small area.

    The purposes (commercial activity, students, etc.) for each window are posted on a regular sheet of paper over each window. If you’re unsure which window to go to, check window 1 first – I suspect a good percentage of the readers here would need this window (I don’t recall the exact list of it’s purposes, but I remember thinking it would be used by many people posting here)

    This also means there’s nothing (i.e. a guard) preventing you from standing in line to ask questions. Although, I cannot say how agents respond to such unscheduled contacts. I suppose it’s worth a shot if you’re at your wit’s end trying to find an answer and have run out of places to look (here, the web, etc.)

    Second, the agent told me that as of this year, your rental contract no longer needs to be registered at ANAF. (While I don’t doubt the agent, can anybody else confirm this?) This should be good news for landlords – they hate paying the 2-3% – I forget the exact % – tax to register the contract at ANAF. (Side note: Be aware when renting an apartment from an individual, that many [but not all] owners don’t understand that renting an apartment is a business that has expenses – they will expect you to pay every expense from taxes to repairs to normal wear and tear – effectively making their apartment a “broken ATM” that pays them every month without them ever having to put any money into it)

    Hope this helps and good luck!

    • Thanks for the update, Brandon! It is indeed interesting to hear that the contracts no longer need to be registered – I personally doubt that is the case, especially now when they’re trying to get all the money they can… but sometimes things that don’t make sense actually work 🙂 I can only hope that it won’t be long before people needing this will be able to do it all online. Waiting is line is something I never enjoyed.

      • I was as surprised as anybody to hear that the contracts did not need to be registered anymore. Especially since I’ve had some issues in the past regarding contracts: Once when I unwisely believed the owner two years ago who told me that contracts no longer need to be registered (true in regards to ANAF, but an endless source of comedy to Immigrations) and again last year when changing my address (the agent refused to believe my “original” was actually an original document – that was quite a pain to get straightened out) I guess that’s why I wondered if anybody else had a similar experience or if this was some kind of local policy at this particular immigration office.

        It was interesting to note that it’s now possible for the owner to register contracts with ANAF online. Rather than your original documents getting stamped and written on, you receive 2 PDF documents you can print out. Or maybe this was always a possibility and the fact that my landlord is a professional landlord with a contabil handling the documents made this more practical (as opposed to an individual handling a single contract). Regardless, the agent was only interested in the actual contract signed by me and the landlord and specifically said they did not need the registration documents. I asked when this changed and the agent (who was rather young) said “this year”.

        Hopefully somebody else can corroborate this! (Because it did seem odd to me also)

        Thanks and best regards!

  26. Hello, thanks for all this information. Does anyone know if the 50,000 requirement applies to British citizens?

    And if it does, if we buy a house/flat in Romania through a company (paying over 50,000) and then rent it out through AirBnB for e.g. when we’re not there, will that meet the requirement as a working business?

    I await with bated breath…


    • I don’t think that the 50k requirement applies for British citizens. Also, as long as you do register the AirBnb rental as a business (as opposed to renting it out as an individual) it would definitely count!


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