Pros & Cons of Living in Bucharest

Before deciding if Bucharest is the place to live in next, if you’re considering a move to Romania’s capital, I recommend reading my full list of pros and cons of living in Bucharest.

I am trying to deliver an objective analysis of all these aspects to help you decide if it’s indeed the best city for you. After all, moving to a new city is important and you should always be aware of the good and the bad.

So if you’re wonder if Bucharest is a good place to live, you should know that it is the capital of Romania and hence one of the cities with great cultural and historical value for the country.

And, of course, the largest academic, business and commercial spots in Romania, with opportunities and welcoming offers for both sellers and buyers at every step.

Having all these things in mind, here’s the list of the main living in Bucharest pros and cons!

Pros of living in Bucharest

I always like to start on a positive note, so let’s do so by checking out the good things I consider important in regards to living in Bucharest.

1. Lots of things to see and do

We’ll get a bit more in depth with this in the list below, but I want to start with the conclusion. And that is that everything happens in Bucharest.

streets of bucharest

You have a ton of events and conferences, some of the best attractions in the country and plenty of things to do, day and night.

Since Bucharest is the biggest and most important city in Romania, it makes sense to see it offer plenty of activities for all ages. As a result, you will never get bored here and rarely you will find yourself wanting to do something and not being able to find a place where that’s possible.

Even better, I would say, is the fact that most of the main attractions are in and around the Bucharest Old Town area – so if you manage to find a place to live that’s close to it, you’re basically close to everything.

Speaking of choosing a great area to live in, make sure to read my article about the best neighborhoods to live in Bucharest, too.

2. Public transport includes the Metro

Bucharest is the only city in Romania where you get a metro, and with a city so big and with drivers so chaotic, having it is a HUGE bonus. It gets you from point A to point B quickly, and it’s cheap.

I have talked a bit more in depth about the public transport in Bucharest in a previous article – make sure to check it out to find what your options are.

bucharest metro station

3. Great restaurants with amazing food from all over the world

Variety at its best. There are restaurants with traditional foods from all cuisines and cultures, for all tastes and preferences. Available both at the location and for home delivery.

Ranging from cheap to expensive, from basic service to truly unique experiences, the food scene in Bucharest is probably the best in the country. So if you like eating out a lot, you have plenty of options here.

4. Huge shopping malls

Can’t skip this as a big pro of Bucharest. There are so many shopping malls, so large and well-supplied, available for people living in Bucharest, that you have no reasons to complain. Pure heaven for shopaholics!

Shopping malls are still VERY big and important in Romania – they’re always crowded and some of the best shopping options are to be found here (although they are slightly more expensive that your regular stores).

5. Night life at its best in Romania

Honoring its status as the capital of Romania, Bucharest is alive not only at daytime, but also at nighttime.

You can see another face of Bucharest at night in some of the biggest clubs in Romania, open from sunset until dawn.

Bamboo Club, Fratelli Social Club, and BOA Beat of Angels are some of the most luxurious clubs dedicated to night life from the entire country.

But even if you want something that won’t drain your budget for the entire month, you can easily find it here.

6. Few hours away from both the beach and the mountains

Bucharest is a golden location from this perspective. You are just a couple of hours away from the best mountain resorts in Romania, but also a 2 hour drive (or train ride) away from the seaside.

Prepare for that by learning about the best beaches in Romania, or the best winter holiday destinations in the country.

Your oasis of relaxation is only 2h away in either direction – what can compete with this?

7. Big University Center in Romania

The academic offer in Bucharest is also a big pro, as we’re talking about one of the largest and most important University centers in the country. There are Universities for all profiles and specializations, both private and state owned.

Many students from all-over the country – and the world – come to Bucharest for this specific reason. And the prices are still relatively low compared with other countries.

8. Some of the Best-Paid Jobs in the Country

bucharest at night

As the capital of Romania, Bucharest also has a great offer for jobs, from all industries and domains. It’s an important economic and commercial center of the country.

Hence, not only can you choose from the widest palette of job offers, but the city also offers some of the highest salaries in Romania.

9. Connections to the Big Cities of the World

I’m talking about the airport here. Unlike airports from other cities in Romania, which are mostly connected to only few other big European cities or to Bucharest, Romania’s capital has flights everywhere.

If you travel a lot, Bucharest is the best choice, because this is where most of your international flights will take off from.

If you’re only transiting Bucharest and want to learn more about choosing the best accommodation close to the airport, check out my other article about the Best Hotels Near the Bucharest Airport.

10. Theater plays with the best actors in the country

It’s the theater scene from Bucharest where the most reputable actors play on a regular basis.

Here’s where you’ll see some of the most popular plays and names in the Romanian theater: Florin Piersic, Horatiu Malaele, Maia Morgenstern etc.

So, if you’re passionate about arts, culture and theater, this is a big pro for Bucharest. Of course, you need to know Romanian to understand what’s happening, but I can’t think of a more pleasant way to learn it.

11. Amazing concerts and festivals

At both national and international scales.

Nationally, it’s Bucharest the one chosen as a launch point or premiere spot for new concerts, projects and festivals, and where some of the biggest concerts of the country are organized.

Internationally, artists will almost always choose the capital of the country to organize their concerts, and Bucharest makes no exception from this.

12. Large expat scene

people in bucharest park

No matter what country or region of the world you’re coming from, you will find lots of people from that area here.

The expat scene is the largest in Romania, so you get bonus points for faster accommodation and easier integration by finding fellow expats.

Cons of living in Bucharest

OK, after going through the good things about living in Bucharest, it’s time to talk about that bad ones. Finally, as you know the big picture, you will be able to decide whether or not these cons are deal breakers or not.

1. Heavy, chaotic traffic

heavy traffic in Bucharest Romania

This is probably the biggest con of living in Bucharest, and what you’ll hear everyone complaining about when describing the negatives of this city.

With a dense population and huge distances to cover, as well as a relatively poor infrastructure, Bucharest presents some serious congestion in traffic, which usually delays and annoys everybody, from car drivers to people using public transport and bike riders.

As a result, a very chaotic way of driving has been developed here, with laws being stretched to the limit (at the very least) and tons of dangerous driving that will surprise you.

Best part? People in Bucharest LOVE to honk, so prepare for a lot of extra noise from angry drivers, as if the congestion and chaotic driving themselves weren’t enough!

That’s where the metro comes really handy, to help get you to your destination faster. But not so comfortable, anyway, when it’s full of people at peak hours…

2. Everything is more expensive

With higher salaries come higher costs for everything. From rental and utilities costs to the drink you want to enjoy in the city center, everything is more expensive in Bucharest than in the rest of the country.

Still, if you compare the prices to the rest of Europe, prices in Romania – Bucharest included – are definitely a lot lower, for literally everything.

The country is actually known as one of the cheapest locations in the European Union, so we still have that to be happy about.

3. Dangerous neighborhoods

bucharest communist building

This is another dark side of Bucharest, the same story you can find in Dubai and other big cities from the world.

While the city center and other key-areas (mostly central) are shining in the spotlight, several peripheric neighborhoods are ill-famed and potentially dangerous to walk through.

Notorious neighborhoods such as Ferentari, Rahova and Pantelimon are the poorest areas in Bucharest and it’s best to avoid them to ensure your safety.

4. Business and sales taken to a whole new level

It’s actually a pro that Bucharest is an important commercial, economic and business center, but that’s easily turning into a negative side when it’s taken to a whole new level and everyone is trying to sell you something.

That’s the second most frequent complaint of Bucharest people, that everyone, from the taxi driver to the grocery store and to the women selling parsley leaves down the street are trying to sell. It’s like a boom of offers to buy at every step, which can get tiring at some point.

5. The city is dirty

Excluding the recent scandal in one of the city’s divisions that left the garbage bins overflowing and garbage not collected for weeks, the city is generally dirty.

Many people don’t really care to throw their garbage into the bins they’re supposed to, and as a result there are lots of plastic wrappers, coffee cups and even larger things all over the place.

The city does have workers that try to keep things under control and do their best, but sometimes – and especially in some areas of the city – they simply can’t keep up.

And don’t even get me started on the dog poop situation! I absolutely hate it. Nobody seems to clean after their pets, who apparently love to poop on sidewalks only. It’s horrible!

6. BIG pollution problems

gloomy bucharest

The air quality is abysmal in Bucharest, which is considered one of the most polluted cities in Romania and Europe.

A recent study ranked it as the 6th most polluted city in Europe, but I sometimes saw headlines claiming that it was the most polluted European capital.

Either way, expect air quality to be really low as pollution is a huge problem the city is yet to deal with. In some areas, there are always terrible smells coming, usually during the night from illegal garbage burning or other similar activities.

As a positive note, the city council started taking measures and hopefully they will manage to indeed solve this problem. But until they do, expect horrible air quality in Bucharest.


Now you have them listed, and you can compare them yourself and make the decision if the Pros outweigh the Cons or not.

For example, there may be the con of heavy traffic, but the pro that there are perfectly functional and efficient metro lines solves the problem of time spent in agglomerated traffic on the road.

Plus, there is the huge advantage that you can always escape the noise and traffic (and pollution) of the city in a matter of 120min, with a trip to the beach or to the mountain – whatever you feel like!

Same applies for the high prices, which are covered by some of the highest salaries in the entire country.

And even though the con of dangerous neighborhoods may seem like a deal-breaker, you don’t actually have to go to those areas, because most of the offices and work locations are in central areas.

Plus, you have one of the widest palettes of job offers, shopping malls and cultural events from Romania.

So despite the negatives, we can say that for most people, Bucharest is a good place to live in with lots of Pros. The Cons might be enough to be deal breakers for some (like myself), but this is up for you to decide.

And if you decide to call Bucharest your home, in the end, make sure to read my guide on getting a residence permit in Romania (if you’re a non-EU citizen) or getting a registration of residence in Romania if you are an EU citizen.

Are you considering living in Bucharest? If you do, and you discovered any other pros or cons that I haven’t mentioned above, feel free to share your thoughts in the comments section below, to keep this article useful and up-to-date.

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6 thoughts on “Pros & Cons of Living in Bucharest”

  1. Bucharest sounds like it has the same problems as other big cities. Unfortunately, that is the tradeoff for the amenities. I would still like to live there though as we really enjoyed our visit. The metro would be the only way to travel for me, I am so over traffic after L.A. Great writeup and very useful for someone looking to reside there.

    • If there’s one thing that I learned in my search for the perfect city, it’s this: it doesn’t exist 🙂 There are Pros and Cons everywhere and even though larger cities have some obvious ones, I still believe that they’re best for most people, as you said, because of the amenities and things to do.

  2. I have never been Bucharest, but certainly would like to visit. I don’t think I would like to live in a big city, since I prefer smaller cities. Also I love living near the sea.
    Interesting post, thank you Kemkem 😀

  3. As someone who has spent a LOT of time in Bucharest, I can easily say it’s my least favorite of the big cities in your country. Traffic is insane, taxi cabs are the most expensive (at least compared to Cluj-Napoca on my last visit), but still cheap as an American. Granted, Bucharest has improved a LOT since my first visit there in 2010. It is MUCH better now than it has ever been and it’s wonderful to see the changes. There are many things to see and do there. As a tourist however, I feel that Bucharest has MUCH less to see there that is interesting in comparison to the other big cities. Brasov, Sibiu, Targu Mures are MUCH more interesting and much less congested. Not to mention the air quality is much better than in Bucharest, and those cities are MUCH cleaner. I agree with all of your positives, except for your statement of the best attractions the country. I disagree. The other big cities are far more interesting than Bucharest. Indeed, when I used to travel there in the early days, in 2005 and 2008, I would skip Bucharest entirely and just stay in the Transylvanian region. The reality is that I can literally get almost everything you listed in the other cities. Except maybe the concerts, and the airport. Since I’ll be looking to retire in Romania, the well paid jobs is a non factor for me, but I can definitely see this as a positive for people who want to live there. But your list is pretty much what I can get in the other cities. Only cheaper and cleaner, ha ha. Don’t get me wrong, I enjoy Bucharest, but I would never consider living there. I personally prefer the smaller towns. But even when I talk about Romania to friends, I tell them to see the other cities first before touring Bucharest.


    • Bucharest is not my favorite city in Romania either and I do consider the Cons to be pretty important, indeed. It is true that many of the Pros can be shared with other cities.

      Regarding the attractions, I was mainly thinking at the sheer number of things to do in Romania’s capital compared to all other cities – museums, galleries, things like this.

      But I totally agree with you: there are other cities people can check out if they are only interested in Romania’s beauty. (I would also add Oradea to your list).,


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